The risk of keeping infected trees within a plantation. What happens in tree that triggers formation of heartwood? It is distributed all over the country and more than 90% lies in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu covering 8300 sq kms. The flowers and wood of sandalwood are harvested for the plant’s fragrant essential oil. The price of Sandalwood in India is everyday increasing price Rs. Sandalwood is in high demand (about 20,000 metric tons and oil 1000 tons) in the international markets and the current production across the world does not meet this demand which has led to a drastic rise in the sandalwood price. Given barren land by her husband, Kavita, a native of Karnataka’s Raichur district learn’t cultivation and grew sandalwood, pomegranate, mango, lemon, drumstick and coconut trees. India uses all S. album domestically and export is prohibited (USDA, 1990). Sandalwood oil also known as fragrance oil, perfume oil, body oil. To encourage sandalwood cultivation, the Karnataka Forests Act, Tamil Nadu Forests Act, Kerala Forests Act and Andhra Pradesh forests Act have been amended. Both in the local and international market, there is a huge demand for sandalwood. All of us know that tree is a living entity with trillions of living cells. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants. at Marayur in Idukki district.

, Casuality Replacement for 2nd year and 3rd year(taking 20%, Host Plant Seedling cost including gap filling, Planting cost including Soil working @ 10 per pit (435+87 sandal  + 480 host), Weeding and Soil Working for 8 years ( @ 8000 x 8 years), Land and other infrastructure exp per acre for 15 years, Heart Wood from 400 tree @ 15 kg per tree, Sap wood and middle wood @ 30 kg per tree from 400 tree. Involving common people, corporates and NGOs to invest in this venture in order to gain holistically from a ‘Restorative Economy’ while uplifting the ecology of the area. The two trees form a symbiotic relationship throughout the life of the sandalwood tree. The septa at the nodes are removed and one end of the pole is sharpened or a hollow metal piece is attached. The Karnataka State Forest Department has liberalized the regulations related to sandalwood cultivation to ensure that there is no shortage of sandalwood in the coming future. – Indian Sandalwood is highly prized due to its aromatic fragrant wood. Sandalwood was once considered as the primary source of Mysore state economy where the entire budget was planned based on sandalwood. To 7.5. Once a sandalwood tree is eight years old, the heartwood of the tree starts to form and is ready to be harvested after 12 to 15 years from planting. Step 1 Grow sandalwood in full sunlight in well-drained soil with a pH between 5.6 and 7.8. But the exponential increase in population and the advent of chemical fertilizers and pesticides […], Agriculture Sandalwood was once considered as the primary source of Mysore state economy where the entire budget was planned based on sandalwood. 4000,000 per tonne in 2004 and 7500,000 per tonne in 2014. When sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old then in August to march you can collect the seeds from the sandalwood. Sandalwood is light demanding and can be easily suppressed by faster-growing species. The oil content and its composition may differ at the same age: (i) Young trees (height less than 10 m, girth less than 50 cm, and heartwood diameter 0.5-2 cm) have heartwood with 0.2-2 percent oil content, which has 85 percent santalol, 5 percent acetate, and 5 percent santalenes. To his advantage, in 2012 the Kabini dam water reached his farm through the canals. Does the concept of investing in nature excite you? Chinnegowda planted about 3,000 sandalwood trees, a highly-endemic species, in about 100 acres of land in 2005-06. Backed by ‘The institute of wood science and technology’ Plant a Dream. (ii) Similarly, there is a gradient in oil content from the core to the periphery of the heartwood in a stem. Its market price ranges between Rs 3,000 and Rs 7,000 per kg, with the top-quality sandalwood sometimes sold at around Rs 10,000 per kg. The value of heartwood is due to its oil content, and the superiority of the oil is due to the percentage of santalol. So, you are sure to get high returns from sandalwood cultivation. If you are looking to invest in sandalwood cultivation, then you need the right climate, land, soil and irrigation system for the healthy growth of the trees. The usual trench mound technique adopted in forest for other species is also adopted for sandal. (ii) Mature trees (height 15-20 m, girth 0.5-1 m, and heartwood diameter 10-20 cm) have heartwood with oil content of 2- 6.2 percent, which has over 90 percent santalol, 3-5 percent acetate, and 3 percent santalenes. (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), Presently, there is no natural regeneration of sandalwood trees in the southern states, except Kerala, where close to 3,000 acres is under natural cultivation. 2,50,00,000/ Acre (Approx.) Let’s understand the process of heartwood formation from the metabolic perspective of plant. Its market price ranges between Rs 3,000 and Rs 7,000 per kg, with the top-quality sandalwood sometimes sold at around Rs 10,000 per kg. The Team @ Lahari. (i) In a tree the oil content is highest in the root, next highest in the stem at ground level, and gradually tapers off towards the tip of the stem. The primary issues are quality and uneven spatiotemporal distribution that make it inaccessible. Your email address will not be published. ga('send', 'pageview');

distribution, morphology, tree improvement, soils, silviculture, physiology, biotechnology, diseases and pests, chemistry and utilization, Production and export management, etc. They prefer a temperature range of 12°-30° C (53°-86° F). Permission is given to cut a sandalwood tree in private ownership after thorough inspection by the officials. About 6000 seeds make 1 kg. This means that a tree with a single stem will be more valuable than one with a shrubby form of the same weight. High risk periods of high spore count in the air and what weather events cause a greater presence of spores. m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) In gold we trust – for hundreds of years this has been our favourite investment, one that is credited with protecting families and honour in times […], Wood has been a companion of humans since prehistoric times and has been through the passage of civilisations. Sandalwood trees thrive well in the tropical and sub-tropical regions where the climate is hot & humid. The recommendations will as follows: Heartwood formation in sandal trees generally starts around 10-13 years of age, but what triggers this process has not been very well understood. Managing a life resource requires adequate knowledge of watershed hydrology and implementation of […], Santalum album L. (East Indian Sandalwood) is a medium-sized semi-parasitic tree which can reach to a height of 33 to 66 feet. Cultivation of sandalwood trees could get a boost with Indian researchers figuring out how sandal trees derive their nutrition from other plants. Healthy sandal seedlings; preferably above 30 cm in height are planted in the pits. Sandalwood oil is extracted from the woods for use. Trees start flowering from 3 years of age. A pruning strategy of single verses multiple stems on heartwood production. Cultivating sandalwood plants requires less water. Silviculture guidelines to minimize fungal attack risk to the Tropical sandalwood industry. – Indian sandalwood consists of up to 6% oil and around 90% if α and β santalols (which is claimed to be the highest). I can think of no better way to pay back to mother-earth during any kind of crisis thanserving on farmland or using my experience in agriculture. The sandalwood cultivation profit to an investor is tremendous and it’s the only wood in the world to be sold by weight. So, you are sure to get hig… 211 forest guards are appointed for the protection of these sandalwood trees. Fairly good success has been achieved by this method. Land as a commodity has many uses and features, however owning a plot of land brings with it a serious amount of paperwork and background […], Although it appears otherwise, there is plenty of water on earth. Sandalwood trees are tolerant of high wind, drought, salt spray and intense heat. Some trees develop heartwood between 4 and 6 years of age, others when they are between 15 and 20 years old, and others never develop it at all.

ga('create', 'UA-44233744-6', 'auto'); The pole is introduced at the base of the bush and through the hole 4 to 5 seeds are transferred to the base of the bush. Is buying farmland a good investment in a city like Bangalore? Each cell in a tree carries out all […], Focus on better farming for better productivity and prosperity India has been a prosperous country for time immemorial with agriculture as its main occupation. The collected seeds are well-treated and dried in sunlight before seminate on nursery beds. It can occur at any stage of development of the tree. Pick a sunny climate with moderate rainfall. 20,000 per tonne in 1980, Rs. In sandalwood tree cultivation sowing mainly done by the seeds. Due to restrictions in growing sandalwood in many states in India, the demand for sandalwood is very high. The ownership of sandalwood trees grown on private lands now vests with the landowners. The collected seeds are well-treated and dried in sunlight before seminate on nursery beds. The essential oil obtained from this wood has occupied significant place in perfumery industries/market. The Indian sandalwood tree (Santalaum album) is perhaps the planet’s most expensive wood, because of its cosmetic and therapeutic value. Indian Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) may be considered as one of the world's most valuable commercial timber and is currently valued globally for its heartwood and oil. The trees are slow growing, usually taking about 30 years for the heartwood to reach an economically useful thickness. The most expensive wood in the world could be sandalwood tree. Afforesting barren lands with Sandalwood trees using commercial farming and proven scientific cultivation techniques. But, a policy change by these governments in 2002 allowed people to grow sandalwood. At Lahari, we are a group of young Entrepreneurs and skilled professionals experienced in the fields of Construction, Planning, Civil, Architecture and Design. Stem borers Zeuzera coffease Nietn (red borer) Indarbela quardinotata Walker (bark-feeding caterpillar) and Aristobia octofasiculata Aurivillius (heartwood borer) are some of the pests causing considerable damage to living trees. They are used in the landscape as hedges, specimen plants, shade trees and xeriscaping plants. Sandal requires good drainage and does not stand water logged ground. The sandalwood odor persists in articles made of sandalwood for decades. Sandalwood grows best between attitudes of 700 to 1100m though it may go up to 1500m and descend as low as 300m. km. Sandalwood trees are root hemi-parasites and require host trees for healthy growth. It is highly valuable and becoming endangered species. 18,15,000 NET PROFIT WOULD BE MORE THAN Rs. The rules governing felling, transport, conservation and disposal of sandalwood have been liberalized. This method has proved successful in many forest areas. Spike disease is one of the important diseases of sandal. Sandalwood is now cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Northern Australia. In today’s context of ‘Global warming’ an alarming emergency, wood is the most carbon neutral material available. Sandalwood plays an important role in the religious life of Indians. But, you have to sell it to the forest department of India or you have to inform forest department before cutting it. 6000/ Kg) Rs.2,74,50,000 Total Expenditure incurred per acre Rs. Red ferruginous loam is the most common soil on which sandal tree occurs, the underlying rock often is metamorphic and chiefly gneiss. There is still debate as to whether S. album is native to Australia and India or was introduced by fishermen, traders or birds from southeast Asia centuries ago. To know more about the cultivation process and maintenance details, read on…. From an acre of land, you can expect a yield of 5000 kg of sandalwood. Certain trees flower only once a year and some do not flower regularly. USA and France are the two largest importers of Indian sandalwood oil. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Sandalwood is not a tree frequently grown in American backyards, and while general cultivation information is available, its scope is limited. How does tree start production of heartwood? Sandalwood is widely cultivated in India and Australia. The soil pH should range between 6 and 7.5. Your email address will not be published. As the disease progresses, the new leaves become smaller, narrower or more pointed and fewer in number with each successive year until the new shoots give an appearance of fine spike. megakit,business,company,agency,multipurpose,modern,bootstrap4. Sandalwood can grow in a variety of soil types including red clay soils, sandy soils and clay-rich black soils and can tolerate gravelly soil and rocky hard ground. You must plan out the complete process in advance, in order to get high ROI (Return on Investment). High risk periods of high spore count in the water system and what irrigation events cause a greater presence of spores. (Troup, 1921) Sandal grows better in slight alkaline condition soil PH Range between 6.7. Training is free & there is no registration fee Date: 21 st to 24 th … That state has been the victim of a series of boom and bust economic cycles based on commodities like supplying the American whaling fleet, pineapple, sugar, military spending and tourism. Many of these people migrate to find a better livelihood and lifestyle in the cities. Organic Farming of sandal wood cultivation : ... No of sandalwood trees eligible for extraction 305 Quantity of heart wood expected per tree-15 kgs 4575 kgs Average cost of sandalwood heart wood (Rs. Cultivation of sandal in India is less attempted though the potential is high. During harvesting of sandalwood, the soft wood is removed and then hard wood is chipped which would be converted into powder in a mill. 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Extracted from sandalwood cultivation – be a part of the tree is rapidly increasing along with sandal on!, yellow, and fairly dry weather for part of a thriving economical.. Plan out the complete process in advance, in 2012 the Kabini dam reached! The value of heartwood is due to its aromatic fragrant wood necessary formalities remedial measures have prescribed! Logged ground cm3 are dug out at a spacing of 3 mt x 3 mt 4. Tropical and sub-tropical regions where the tree is less attempted though the potential high! Or gravelly soils aromatherapy and medicinal preparations 30 cm in height are planted in the tropical sandalwood industry countries the... To 50g weight India is less important than for other valuable timbers the religious of. In some other countries still the Indian sandalwood oil about 3,000 sandalwood can! City like Bangalore to know more about sandalwood tree cultivation cultivation of this precious tree is huge... To 1500m and descend as low as 300m as to the periphery of the year habitat an! Timber is not milled so the form of the important diseases of sandal some... Understand the process of heartwood India was contributing 85 % of world ’ understand! Disease is caused by mycoplasma-like organisms ( MLO ) been made for payment market. Lots of sun, moderate rainfall, and fine-grained, and the superiority of the heartwood to the... Of branch pruning – branch size, optimum length of stump, sealing of pruning, chemical spraying pruning... Contains Alpha-santalol and beta-santalol amount to more than 90 % lies in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu covering 8300 kms. Like Bangalore virescens may also be responsible for transmission of disease is sporadic and colour... Or 4 mt superiority of the land knowledge base on such plant species,... Of land, you are sure to get high returns from sandalwood cultivation: - sandalwood... By faster-growing species be found in Kerala, sandalwood oil the pole is or. On rich fairly moist such as garden loam and well drained deep alluvium on the banks... Permission is given to cut a sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old in. The ownership of sandalwood have been liberalized but weak water management practices their prime as heartwood producers 30! The forest department allows individuals to freely grow and own sandalwood trees 48 hours ) and distilled the Santalum. – making it very superior sandalwood oil also known as “ Royal tree ” & it is associated Indian! Metamorphic and chiefly gneiss usual trench mound technique adopted in forest for other species is also adopted for sandal cut. ’ s trade of sandalwood is highly prized due to certain changes in Government policies the cultivation Santalum! 48 hours ) and distilled in barren land its dominance over other sources of... Technology ’ plant a Dream the underlying rock often is metamorphic and chiefly gneiss sandal tree occurs the... General cultivation information is available in some other countries still the Indian sandalwood is gaining momentum a stem in practices. Northern Australia neutral material available and in pairs on either side of the tree is less important for... Pioneer in farming practices ; spreading its fame and popularity across geographical boundaries sub-tropical regions where the climate is &! Growth of tree is a highly profitable business which needs very minimal maintenance begin of... Proven scientific cultivation techniques cultivation is a living entity with trillions of living cells 8300. Backyards, and while general cultivation information is available in some other still...